How to Check for Anemia

Do you always feel tired and weak even if you look healthy? Maybe you’re suffering from the most common blood disorder called anemia which results from the lack of red blood cells in the body.

What is Anemia?
To understand the significance of red blood cells, remember that one of its functions is to take the oxygen from your lungs to the various organs in the body and to take the carbon dioxide from those tissues to your lungs. If you have few red blood cells for this gas exchange, there is a chance of losing blood and the loss of red blood cells. If the person has other health problems, there is also a risk of hypotension or very low blood pressure.

What Causes Anemia?
According to researchers, anemia can be caused by hemolysis (or destruction of your red blood cells), decreased production of red blood cells, and blood loss. Each of these causes are more likely to occur due to various factors such as a pre-existing health condition or genetic condition, nutritional deficiency, physical trauma, infectious diseases, and chronic illnesses.

What are the Symptoms?
You may be anemic if you have the following symptoms: fatigue, weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath, pale skin, headache, cold hands and feet, chest pain, and arrhythmia. Some mild forms of anemia do not have obvious symptoms, but others can also damage other organs in the body because of lack of enough oxygen supply to function normally.

What are the Tests?
To determine if you have anemia, you need to have a complete blood count or CBC test that will check the level of hematocrit and hemoglobin in your blood. The CBC will additionally determine the size of your red blood cells or mean corpuscular volume, which might be an indicator of the cause of the condition. It will also check your platelet count and the number of red and white blood cells.

The normal levels can vary among different ethnic groups, but the doctor can explain to you what is considered a normal count. Other tests may be recommended if your CBC results show you’re anemic in order to determine the damage the condition has done to other organs and to point out the specific cause or rule out other health problems.

What are the Treatments?
Depending on the type of anemia you have, the treatment aims to address iron deficiency, blood loss, and to stop bleeding, if any. By the end of the treatment, you should have enough red blood cell count or hemoglobin to supply oxygen to different parts of the body. Your doctor in Singapore will advise you to make changes in your diet, add supplements (such as iron, B12, folic acid, and vitamin C), and to take your medications regularly.
The medications will address any existing complication brought about by anemia. However, if your condition is severe, the doctor will recommend blood transfusion or bone and marrow stem cell transplant. Surgery will address complications such as bleeding of anemia has damaged certain organs.


8 Common Food Misconceptions

Every day we struggle with our food choices. Our busy schedule demands more time, thus we tend to buy food that is just conveniently available in the market, without considering its nutritional value. However, a lot of today’s media is spreading health awareness to the mass. Consequently, more people became health conscious and became more selective with their food. However, sometimes the information that we receive is deceiving. Here are the eight common food misconceptions:

1. Eggs are bad for you. The yellow part of the egg contains fat and cholesterol which contributes to clogged arteries and heart attacks. But when consumed in moderation, egg white is actually good for your health. It contains choline (which helps in brain function), vitamin D and lutein, among other nutrients.

2. Low-fat/fat-free food is healthier. Fat is one of the key flavor components of most food. Hence, products that claim to be low-fat could be loaded with sugar and additives to improve their taste. Also, people tend to eat something when it’s low-fat/fat-free. Before buying food products, it is always wise to check the label.

3. Brown sugar is better than white sugar. It is believed that brown rice is healthier than the white variety because it is less processed than its counterpart. However, this is not true when we talk about sugar. The traces of the minerals found in brown sugar are very minimal. Thus, both varieties are relatively the same.

4. Food products that are labeled as organic are always healthy. The labels on the packaging of food products are deceiving. It may claim that it has natural or organic contents on it but, the its nutritional value is too low. Remember that it may still contain white flour and sugar, which are highly refined food components.

5. Energy drink is a great way to energize yourself. A bottle of energy drink contains higher caffeine than a cup of coffee. It also contains loads of calories which is not good for the health.

6. Carbohydrates make you fat. It actually depends on which source. Carbohydrates are used by the body as its main fuel. Those that are from plant sources are considered “good” as it contains fiber and nutrients. On the other hand, sugary food and refined products such as pasta and white bread has the “bad” carbohydrates. It is actually eating more calories that will contribute to your weight gain.

7. Healthy food options are expensive. This is not true. Healthy food options do not require spending a lot of money. Affordable fruits and vegetables are available everywhere. Though organic choices cost more, they are actually an investment to your health.

8. Fresh fruits are better than its frozen counterpart. Frozen fruits have as much nutrients as fresh fruits have. Freezing locks the nutrients up until it is defrosted.


A Primer on Biometric Door Lock Systems

An electronic lock system allows for a better home security than most traditional door locks, because they include extra features, such as its authentication method, that can be controlled and monitored. One of the most popular authentication methods used in commercial spaces and even in residential areas in Singapore are biometrics.

How does it work and what are its other security features?

What are Door Lock Systems?

Door lock systems refer to the electronic locks that use electric locking devices instead of the traditional mechanical locks. The door lock systems vary based on the existence of an access control, the type of electronic lock, and the authentication method to allow access to the system. How do they work? Most electronic locks provided by security system providers here in Singapore like use motors, magnets, and solenoids powered by electricity to unlock and lock a door.

Like any type of lock, the door lock systems serve to limit access to specific areas, but the electronic locks also include features that will allow for monitoring, authentication, and alarm systems to function. These modern door lock systems can also be integrated with other office or business systems such as the intercom system or other communication system, time and attendance system, human resource management, and accounting and billing.

What is Biometrics?

Biometrics refers to the primary authentication method used in the biometric door access system. Biometrics makes use of the biological features of a living organism, in this case a person, through measurement and verification of specific characteristics. The verification and identification method can either be behavioral or physical biometrics.

The latter refers to the physical characteristics, such as the fingerprints or facial features, used for biometric thumbprint and facial biometric for example. Biometric door access that makes use of biometric thumbprint and facial biometric is common in commercial offices, businesses, government offices, educational institutions, banks, and other establishments in Singapore because it plays a significant role in complex day-to-day operations.

What is Electronic Access Control?

If you have been considering a biometric door access system, you might have also heard of the term electronic access control. It refers to a security system that allows for detailed and high-tech control over the physical security of the vicinity because you can restrict access based on a set of guidelines. Traditional locks do not have this feature, but all electronic access control systems including card access door, pin access door system, and biometric door access system can be manipulated to follow a set of limitations, show who accessed the door, who was denied entry, and when the access happened.

Biometric door access can provide you with detailed information on all the security activities. There are various hardware systems to choose from depending on how many locks are needed and how many people will be using the system. The pin access door system for example uses assigned information (such as numbers) to identify personnel allowed entry in the vicinity, while card access uses magnetic stripe cards to limit the access to the area. The card is swiped through a reader and the credentials are read by the system.


Why Verifying your Electrician’s License is Important

Hiring a licensed electrician for various electrical work around your house is always encouraged. However, it also pays to be meticulous on an electrician’s license – as it would give you an idea regarding their field of expertise and their work experience on the field.

Working with your home’s electrical system isn’t always safe. There’s always the possibility of danger with any electrical project hence it’s always advised to seek a good electrician before getting any work done. Faulty electrical works can start a fire, and your insurance may not be enough to cover all the damages caused by unlicensed electrical work. Unless you’d want to risk a bit of your fortune, always pay attention to your electrician’s license.

Is a license important?

Not everyone can easily tinker around with the electrical wires and systems they have at home and expect the issue to be resolved at the end of the day. Electrical work may vary in the degree of their complexity, hence it’s best to consult electrician services for a proper assessment.
There’s also risk involved in any electrical work, which good electrician in Singapore are trained to safely deal with. Before one is given a valid electrician license, they should first undergo rigorous training. This includes four to five years of formal education which is common in Singapore, where aspiring electricians take up electrical engineering. They also take extensive on-the-job training and has a long apprenticeship period.

During their formal training, they are taught how to safely work with various electrical systems and be informed of local codes and statures. Building codes may vary by community. An electrician must know any code requirements for your area, and if the severity of the issue requires you to apply for a permit before any work can be done.

Required by the law

Any electrical work must be undertaken by a rightfully licensed electrician. This includes new wiring, rewiring, or adding extensions which must be tested prior to turning the supply on.

A license also entitles the holder to carry out advanced electrical work such as design, operate, maintain, inspect, or test an electrical supply installation. The specific operating voltage of the installation must not exceed 1000 volts and the approved load of such installation must also not exceed 45 kVA.
The license also allows the electrician to carry out any electrical work as instructed by an authorized high voltage switching engineer, or under his/her supervision.

It is considered an offense if a person:

    a: carries out or caused to carry out any electrical work without a valid electrical worker license; or

    b: knowingly engages another person who isn’t a licensed electrical worker to carry out electrical work

If you need any electrical work done at your premises (residence or on buildings you own), check if the electrician has a valid Electrical Worker license duly issued by the authority.

Individual or contractor?

Licenses for electrician services are made available either for individuals or contractors. Therefore, it’s urged to check whether the electrician license is for individual practice or contractor. Individually practicing electricians generally work on their own. They are the ones who study local codes and other regulations themselves. Accordingly, they work as they deem fit.

For contractors, any work done by employees must be verified to meet all code and safety requirements. Electricians who are employed by contactors are often obliged to attend seminars, forums, and other meetings regularly.

Whenever presented with a license, take it upon yourself to verify that the person’s name matches the name of the license. If the license is contractual, verify if the electrician is truly employed by the licensed company. You can do so by giving the company hotline a call and ask if the electrician is currently working for the company.

Verifying a license

In Singapore, there are various information you can use to verify an electrician’s license. First, you can use the number that appears on the license. If the license number appears to be too long or too short, it is urged to get it checked with Energy Market Authority (EMA). Any suspicious electrician license must be dealt with accordingly.

Next, you can also get information through the electrician’s full name. Does he have a clean track record? Are there any failures/major issues regarding his electrician services in the past? Does he have a history with dissatisfied customers? Knowing an electrician’s professional work history will give you an idea how your experience will unfold as you work along with them.

Another way to verify a license is to ask for verification from one’s company. If your electrician is employed by a company, you can always ask for relevant details from their employer. For one, you can ask about their related work experiences and if they have worked with issues similar with your case before.

The Energy Market Authority (EMA) can also verify if an electrician is licensed to work in your area. Keep in mind that faking an electrician license is illegal, however, there are still cases where unlicensed electricians claim they have one. If your electrician’s license isn’t verified in EMA’s database, then it’s encouraged to look for other potential electricians to work with you.

You can also opt to ask for proof of liability insurance. Generally, electricians offer insurance if something goes wrong with their electrical works. If they work with an electrical firm, the company itself offers the insurance for their services. Inquire with the respective insurance company to verify their license.


Guide to a Perfect Date Night with Yourself

In an age where noise comes from all sorts of directions, life turns into a fast lane and the constant act of putting yourself out there to be a social human being, it can be challenging to tone it down for a while and get that super rare alone time. But is there any better feeling than forgetting plans and cancelling appointments? Perhaps, dare to drop everything to have a date night with YOURSELF?

Finding self-time to just be is crucial in building a healthy relationship with yourself because it is also a key in building the same kind with others. You have to fall in love with yourself before you can pass on that love to another person. If you can catch a date night in for yourself, setting the evening according to your interests and idea of comfort is already a luxury, so don’t miss out on your chance.

Here’s how to have an epic “me” date night in:

Set the Mood
Set your living space into an environment you would always love if you were in a perfect world. It does not necessarily mean putting in crystals and the like but it can simply mean overhead lighting, slow music and food everywhere for example. You can employ whatever that makes you feel at home and relaxed as ever.

It is also helpful to do the household chores beforehand to keep off all possible distractions that can kill your vibe.

Get in the Mood
Since your place is ready for you, you also need to reciprocate that by being comfortable in yourself. If you could wear something you always wanted then go ahead and put that thing on! If being comfortable means you wear big baggy shirts and high knee socks, then rock it. Do what makes you feel happy and empowered, after all, it is YOU that matters.

Put Down your Phone
Seriously, lots of studies have shown that technology is slowly destroying the best of us. Sometimes, you got to have faith in science and turn that gadget off.

If you can at least resist form turning on your phone, you would be amazed at how relaxed you can be—no distractions at all. Doing so will also prevent you from spending your whole night posting on social media, stalking and impulsive texting your ex. If you require, hit few people up and let them know you are not free for the evening.

Indulge. Indulge. Indulge!
We all have our own guilty pleasures… so, at least for a night, indulge and stock up on that.

Catching chocolate drippings cascading down from fondue, savoring that thick slice of cheesecake, dancing and screaming old pop rock music… boy, life is too short not to let your freak flag fly.

If rock and roll isn’t your cup of tea, you can just enjoy yourself as you lie on your couch and read a good book about “How to Love Yourself”, perhaps? A book entitled one was featured in Kinokuniya Singapore that suggest “you are worthy of both self-love and love of others”. It might also be a good reinforcement why on earth you should believe to date yourself once in a while.

Keep in mind that tonight is all about you. And if that means doodling the face of your high school crush onto hearts, no judgment.


5 Foods to Get You in the Mood for Sleep

After a long and tiring day, all you want is to jump on your bed, cover yourself in sheets and reach slumber land. No matter how most of us crave this, some people just can’t get there. A variety of reasons come into play, some have difficulty falling asleep while others cannot remain asleep. Whatever the reasons are, we know for a fact that sleep deprivation can cause many chronic health issues and create impact in our day-to-day activities—-an insidious killer.

In an article published from, more than 40% do not get adequate sleep during weekdays. While this sounds quite alarming, Tokyo is considered the world’s most sleep-deprived city where residents get an average of 5 hours and 44 minutes of sleep according to an article released by

Here is the good part: Adding Tryptophan-rich foods and whole-grain carbohydrates in your diet may help you get that good night sleep!

Tryptophan is an amino acid that relaxes the brain and brings calming effects. Whole-grain carbohydrates on the other hand, boost the production of melatonin and serotonin (hormones responsible for your sleep) that can put you in a snooze state.

Get these foods and take off to dreamland:

1. Salmon or Tuna Fish
These kinds of fish and mostly others produce a vitamin called B6 which is also responsible in the creation of Melatonin (a hormone that induces sleep).

2. Oatmeal with Milk and Bananas
Oats are rich in Melatonin and if you want to fire up the sleeping-effect of oatmeal, mix it with milk and bananas. These ingredients are also known to have calming magnesium properties that can induce drowsiness. If a banana is not your favorite, you can switch it with Cherries which are also rich in Melatonin.

3. Prunes
Dried plums contain vitamin B6 (melatonin production), magnesium and calcium. You can use prunes on a trail mix or eat them as it is for about 30 minutes before your bedtime.

4. Chamomile Tea
Chamomile tea has a reputation that promote snooze. Flavonoid and Chrysin are responsible for its sleep inducing properties and nerve-calming power. Take about a cup of hot Chamomile tea 30 minutes before bed, if you have stomach cramps, this can be of great help too!

5. Dark Chocolate
A study conducted by the University of Edinburgh revealed that dark chocolate contains Magnesium, an important nutrient responsible for a better sleep. This helps cells to manage the body’s internal clock that manage various bodily functions like sleeping and temperature.


Causes and Treatment of Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is one of the diseases a person with untreated hypertension might acquire. Just because hypertension cannot be cured doesn’t mean you should not guard against possible complications. What do you need to know about this illness and why do you need to see a cardiologist in Singapore?

The Risk Factors

People who have high blood pressure are at risk of developing atherosclerosis. But that’s not the only criteria. Smokers, diabetics and the obese are also more likely to develop the illness. Other factors such as high levels of cholesterol, physical inactivity coupled with unhealthy diet, alcohol abuse and low consumption of vegetables and fruits are also taken into consideration.

One important factor is the balance of the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. LDL cholesterol is often called “bad” cholesterol because an increase will also raise the risk of development of cardiovascular diseases. When you go to Singapore to get a cardiologist opinion not only do you have to keep your cholesterol level in check, but you should watch your sugar level and blood pressure as well. If you have type 1 diabetes, a specialist might also recommend that you consult a heart doctor in Singapore for further tests. If you already have hypertension, it’s important not to miss the medication recommended by your cardiologist.

Causes of Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is characterized by the buildup of fatty material called atherosclerotic plaques or atheromas. These atheromas are deposited on the walls of arteries that result in a blockage or reduction of blood flow. Healthy arteries according to cardiologists in Singapore, are supposed to be elastic and flexible. Although cardiologists cannot illustrate specifically how this condition develops, one known cause of atherosclerosis are the injuries to the artery walls. Injuries may be caused by unchecked blood pressure, high cholesterol and high blood sugar, high levels of triglycerides, infections from bacteria or viruses.

When the artery wall is damaged, they send signals to the white blood cells to repair the damage. The white blood cells, which are made up of T cells and monocytes, attach themselves to the injured wall and become foam cells. The foam cells, however, collect cholesterol and fats so that the muscles in the damaged wall can be repaired. When these accumulate over time, they become atheromas. These atheromas could block the arteries and even split and start a blood clot. Don’t wait for complications or a heart attack before you visit your cardiologist.

Three Types of Lesions

Atherosclerosis is just one type arteriosclerosis. Your heart doctor in Singapore might use the two terms interchangeably, but there are marked differences between the two. Arteriosclerosis is divided into three types based on the location of the lesions.

1. Atherosclerosis is commonly found in medium and large arteries. The arteries have plaque buildup which block or slow down the normal flow of blood. The plaques are caused by an injury to the artery walls.

2. Arteriosclerosis comes from the words “arterio” which means arteries and “sclerosis” or hardening. This is a condition marked by the hardening of the arterioles which damage the artery by making it less elastic and thicker. The arterioles are small arteries usually found in the organs. Arteriosclerosis is common among people suffering from diabetes and/or hypertension. The most affected organ is usually the kidney so don’t be surprised if your doctor refers you to a cardiologist if you have diabetes.

3. Moenckberg Medical Calcific Sclerosis manifest in small and medium arteries. The culprit is the buildup of calcium deposits in the arteries which make the opening stiff. The arteries do not necessarily become narrow, however. Some heart doctors in Singapore also consider this harmless. This condition is also uncommon among people younger than 50 years old.

Arteriosclerosis Sub-types

1. Hyperplastic Type affects the lumen. It is usually caused by hypertension and occurs together with fibrinoid necrosis of the arterial intima and media. When the condition is not given proper care from a cardiologist, it could lead to ischaemia and even kidney failure.

2. Hyaline Type is the thickening of the arteriole walls because of the accumulation of pinkish materials. The walls become harder as a result of the deposits. Those at risk of developing this condition usually have hypertension and diabetes. In other cases, this could be the result of calcineurin inhibitor drugs.

Symptoms of Atherosclerosis

You need to consult the best cardiologist nearest you if you experience the following symptoms:

    1. Chest pain
    2. Numbness in your legs or arms
    3. Weakness in your legs or arms
    4. Changes in vision
    5. Drooping facial muscles
    6. Difficulty speaking
    7. Pain in your legs when walking

If you have a pre-existing conditions such as hypertension, diabetes and other cardiovascular diseases, you need to see your cardiologist regularly for check-up, blood tests and general heart screening procedures. Your daily medication will help reduce the likelihood of developing complications in the future including atherosclerosis.

Complications of Atherosclerosis

If left untreated, atherosclerosis can lead to carotid artery disease, coronary artery disease, peripheral artery disease, aneurysms, and chronic kidney disease.

The heart doctor will perform a general check-up to determine the best treatment program for you. You will be required to undergo some of the following procedures: blood tests, electrocardiogram, stress test, Doppler ultrasound, ankle-brachial index, cardiac catheterization, angiogram, CT scan, and magnetic resonance angiography.

Treatment of Atherosclerosis

Treatment of the condition may be in the form of medication or surgical procedures. The progress or damage to the arteries will have to be assessed by various specialists and not just your cardiologist. If you have a pre-existing condition other than hypertension, you will also have to treat the symptoms of those conditions. Medications for lowering cholesterol levels will also be recommended. Other medicines might include the following: Beta-blockers, anti-platelet, calcium channel blockers, and diuretics.

Surgical procedure is usually done by a heart surgeon. The following might be recommended by the heart surgeon after a heart screening or when the condition of your heart and blood vessels need to be assessed: bypass surgery, angioplasty, stent replacement, fibrinolytic therapy, and endarterectomy.


Alkaline Water Ionizer Purchasing Guide

If you live in an area in Singapore where tap water tends to be more acidic than usual, then it might be a wise idea to purchase an alkaline water ionizer to stabilize the water’s pH level. However, shopping for an alkaline water ioniser machine is no easy task as there are a lot of misinformation involved, as well as a lot of scams. To help keep you from getting tricked by scammers, here are some of the key features you need to check out in a water ionizer, as well as some scams you may very well avoid.

Key Factors to Look Out For

• Water Filters

There are several machines that have dual or single water filter systems. These filters are used to remove any impurities from regular water. A machine with a single filtration system could be a good choice if your water is already relatively pure, while a unit with a double filter system would be ideal if the water quality is really bad. The filter’s cost of replacement and longevity of use are the other factors to consider, since it could impact the money and time it would take to maintain your alkaline water ionizer.

• Plates

Aside from the filtration system, the machine’s plates are also one of the key features you should closely look out for. There are three types of plates that are often used in water ionizers, namely the mesh, slotted and flat and solid plates. Solid and flat plates are more durable and easier to clean, while the slotted and mesh plates are lighter-weight and cheaper. The only problem with these types of plates is that they will not provide with lasting benefits of alkaline water. Opting for the solid plates, on the other hand, may increase the life of your chosen filtration system.

Also, note that the more plates you have in your machine, the more powerful your alkaline water ionizer also becomes. You could use up to seven plates to fully optimize its water production and filtration power.

• ORP or pH Range

A quality water ionizing machine is capable of providing both acidic and alkalized water, while producing a relatively high negative oxygen reduction potential (ORP) value. Alkaline water ideal for drinking typically has a pH level of seven and up. If possible, opt for a water ionizing machine when you get alkaline water in Singapore that allows you to choose your pH value based on how you will use the water, such as for cleaning, cooking or drinking.

Other than its pH range, do opt for a machine capable of measuring the water’s ORP. Fluids with a higher negative ORP number are more efficient at reducing free radicals, which causes cell damage and speeds up one’s aging process. With that in mind, ensure that you look for a unit with a pH range of about four to 11 with at least a negative 800 ORP when choosing an alkaline water ioniser machine.

• Company’s Reputation

Surely, you would want to purchase from a company you trust, especially if you are purchasing a product that could help improve your health. Some of the things that you can check to verify if you are dealing with a reputable company in Singapore is the provider’s factory compliance testing, their warranty on products repairs and defects, their product quality certifications, company associations, and their customer service ratings.

• Warranty

When you are searching for an alkaline water ionizer, you will realize that most of them come with lengthy warranties. So if possible, opt for a water ionizing machine that has this type of warranty to ensure that your investment will be protected for a longer period of time. Although this shouldn’t be the only factor that you need to consider, it would be wise to put a huge emphasis on the product’s warranty.

Alkaline Water Ionizer Scams to Avoid

• Paying for More Plates

You will often see machines that are for sale that has nine or 11 plates. You could even pay surplus for these plates, but they may not really do any good. This is why five- or seven-plate models are the most ideal option. A five-plate model can already function effectively, but if you could afford to pay more, then opt for a seven-plate model instead. It will provide you the clean and safe alkaline water that you and your family needs.

• Claims About Titanium and Platinum Poisoning

These scare tactics are often designed to convince you to purchase expensive products that contain medical-grade materials that you don’t really need. Truth is, no platinum and titanium poisoning from water ionizers have been reported, which makes this statement a complete nonsense.

• Use of “Safe” Containers

Some alkaline water ionizer companies claim that their products are safer just because they are made with “FDA-approved” containers. But the truth is, all water filtration systems are made with FDA-approved materials. Also, even with an FDA approval, chemicals such as BPA that usually comes from plastic may contaminate the water. So instead of opting for an FDA-approved container, choose a machine made of BPA-free plastic.

• Dump and Run Water Ionizing Companies

One of all too the common scams in the water filtration industry is companies purchasing low quality water ionizers, putting their names on it, and then selling it to you at a huge mark-up. These companies usually undercut established brands in terms of price, sell several low quality filtration systems, and when a customer complains they just close their shop and disappear. To keep yourself from falling in this kind of trick, ensure that you only purchase your alkaline water ionizer from established companies Singapore.

Knowing what key features to look out for in an alkaline water ionizer – along with the scams you need to avoid – is one of the best way of ensuring that you purchased the right water filtration system. So be sure to keep these things in mind so you could make the most out of your investment.