How to Check for Anemia

Do you always feel tired and weak even if you look healthy? Maybe you’re suffering from the most common blood disorder called anemia which results from the lack of red blood cells in the body.

What is Anemia?
To understand the significance of red blood cells, remember that one of its functions is to take the oxygen from your lungs to the various organs in the body and to take the carbon dioxide from those tissues to your lungs. If you have few red blood cells for this gas exchange, there is a chance of losing blood and the loss of red blood cells. If the person has other health problems, there is also a risk of hypotension or very low blood pressure.

What Causes Anemia?
According to researchers, anemia can be caused by hemolysis (or destruction of your red blood cells), decreased production of red blood cells, and blood loss. Each of these causes are more likely to occur due to various factors such as a pre-existing health condition or genetic condition, nutritional deficiency, physical trauma, infectious diseases, and chronic illnesses.

What are the Symptoms?
You may be anemic if you have the following symptoms: fatigue, weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath, pale skin, headache, cold hands and feet, chest pain, and arrhythmia. Some mild forms of anemia do not have obvious symptoms, but others can also damage other organs in the body because of lack of enough oxygen supply to function normally.

What are the Tests?
To determine if you have anemia, you need to have a complete blood count or CBC test that will check the level of hematocrit and hemoglobin in your blood. The CBC will additionally determine the size of your red blood cells or mean corpuscular volume, which might be an indicator of the cause of the condition. It will also check your platelet count and the number of red and white blood cells.

The normal levels can vary among different ethnic groups, but the doctor can explain to you what is considered a normal count. Other tests may be recommended if your CBC results show you’re anemic in order to determine the damage the condition has done to other organs and to point out the specific cause or rule out other health problems.

What are the Treatments?
Depending on the type of anemia you have, the treatment aims to address iron deficiency, blood loss, and to stop bleeding, if any. By the end of the treatment, you should have enough red blood cell count or hemoglobin to supply oxygen to different parts of the body. Your doctor in Singapore will advise you to make changes in your diet, add supplements (such as iron, B12, folic acid, and vitamin C), and to take your medications regularly.
The medications will address any existing complication brought about by anemia. However, if your condition is severe, the doctor will recommend blood transfusion or bone and marrow stem cell transplant. Surgery will address complications such as bleeding of anemia has damaged certain organs.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *