How to Help a Person Who’s Having a Seizure


Seizures are sudden and it can affect even young children. Seizures refer to momentary changes in the child’s movement, behaviour, sensation and consciousness. It is primarily caused by irregular chemical and electrical changes in the child’s brain. There are two kinds of seizures to include generalized seizures (that affects the entire brain) and focal seizures (that begins in one particular part of the child’s brain).

Under the common generalized seizures, there are two forms – convulsive and absence seizures. If your kid is diagnosed with convulsive seizures, there are things that you have to know about it. When you speak of convulsive seizures, it covers the entire body. This is the most dramatic and common seizure of them all because of its violent jerking movements.

Note that this seizure only lasts up to three to five minutes which makes it non-threatening. However, episodes more than five minutes could be serious. You have to time each episode and report to the doctor if it exceeds more than five minutes. Calling an ambulance here in Singapore is not hard.  When seizures begin, you have to be calm. Although being calm is challenging because the sight of your shaking child is frightening to look at, it is best that you keep your composure for the sake of your kid.

He/she will collapse and the least thing that you can do is to make sure that the surroundings are free from sharp objects that can harm him/her. Do not forget to put cushion on his/her head to protect it. Other parents hold down the child or put something in the mouth but that is not the best thing to do. Just let the episode pass calmly.

After five minutes and you see that the jolting or jerking stopped, it is time to act. You should be familiar with recovery position. Here’s the step by step instructions to recovery position:

  • Kneel on the floor: Be sure to be on one side of the victim after jolting stopped in a kneeling position.
  • Secure the arm: The arm that is nearest you should be bent at the elbow (make sure that the hand is facing upward).
  • Pick the other hand: Now you go to his/her other hand. Pick it up with your palm against his/her palm and place it to his/her opposite cheek.
  • Reach for the knee: The other hand should reach the person’s knee (remember it should be the farthest) and pull it so leg is bent. Pull the knee towards you. The knee should be moved closer to you. It should be relaxing on the floor.
  • Raise the chin: You are almost there. Make sure that the chin is tilted as it can help with the breathing.

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