What You Need to Know about Malaria

Original Title: A.funestus_1.50sRGB The scientists at the NTU (National Technological University) are positive that their research can lead to the development of a malaria vaccine within 5 years. The vaccine will be low-cost and it can help save lives of millions of people.

Malaria is transmitted through the bite of mosquitoes infected with a parasite. Malaria is widespread in subtropical and tropical regions. If you want to know more about malaria, you can refer to this:

Symptoms

Malaria is characterized by recurring high fever, sweating and chills. Other signs include diarrhea, headache and vomiting.

Transmission

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If you are bitten by a mosquito infected with a parasite, you will be infected. It will first stay in your liver then it can proceed to your bloodstream. A mother can infect her unborn child. Malaria can be transmitted when you share needles with other infected people or blood transfusions.

Test and Diagnosis

It is important that you go to your doctor at once. If you have symptoms and you recently travelled to a malaria infected region, you should submit to blood tests. Blood tests will determine if you have malaria, what parasite caused your symptoms and which drug is resistant to the parasite.

Treatment

The drugs and the duration of the treatment will vary depending on the type of parasite you obtained, age and the severity of the symptoms. There are common drugs that you can take per doctor’s advice. Some drugs include Aralen, Malarone, Qualaquin, etc.

Prevention

When you go to a certain place, you have to look for malaria advisories. You need to tell your doctor beforehand so he/she can give you drugs. To date, there are no vaccines developed yet. If NTU will be successful, it will be the first.

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